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Stoyanov, Yuri (2011) Defenders and Enemies of the True Cross: The Sasanian Conquest of Jerusalem in 614 and Byzantine Ideology of Anti-Persian Warfare. Vienna, Austria: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. (Sitzungsberichte der phil.-hist. Klasse 819; Veröffentlichungen zur Iranistik 61)

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Abstract

The Persian conquest of Jerusalem and the Holy Land in 614 represented one of the crucial episodes and high points of the last great war of antiquity between Sasanian Persia and the East Roman/Byzantine empires (603-628). The purpose of this monograph is to explore the roots of the core elements of the Byzantine religio-political programme which were conceptualized in reaction to this event, a programme underpinned by the evolving synthesis of late Roman/Byzantine eschatology and imperial ideology. Portrayed as a victory for Roman/Byzantine Christianity, Emperor Heraclius´ famed restitution of the True Cross (c. 630) clearly marked the symbolic climax of his Persian campaigns and this programme which had major repercussions for medieval Christian political theology and ideology of warfare in both Eastern and Western Christendom. Starting with a summary of the latest approaches to and various controversies surrounding the Sasanian conquest archaeology of Jerusalem and Palestine in 614, the monograph proceeds with an analysis and re-assessment of the areas in which Heraclius' religiofication, justification and conduct of the war after 614 differed from earlier Eastern Roman-Sasanian Persian conflicts which also displayed discernible religious aspects. By highlighting and reconsidering the significance of the Jerusalem dimension for the Byzantine theology and ideology of anti-Persian warfare, especially in the intensification of Byzantine wartime propaganda, the monograph traces and sheds new light on the conceptualization and proliferation of apocalyptically-inspired Persophobic and Judaeophobic notions and imagery during the war, which were to have a lasting and influential Nachleben in medieval Christendom.

Item Type: Authored Books
Keywords: Late Antiquity, East Roman/Byzantine Empire, Sasanian Empire, Jerusalem, Palestine, Just War, Holy War, Apocalypticism, Archaeology, Political Theology
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Languages, Cultures & Linguistics
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BJ Ethics
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religions. Mythology. Rationalism
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BM Judaism
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BR Christianity
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BS The Bible
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BT Doctrinal Theology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BV Practical Theology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BX Christian Denominations
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D051 Ancient History
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
D History General and Old World > D History (General) > D111 Medieval History
D History General and Old World > DE The Mediterranean Region. The Greco-Roman World
D History General and Old World > DF Greece
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
P Language and Literature > PA Classical philology
P Language and Literature > PI Oriental languages and literatures
P Language and Literature > PJ Semitic
U Military Science > U Military Science (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion
D History General and Old World
U Military Science
ISBN: 9783700169574
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1553/0x0028e87e
Date Deposited: 10 Jul 2023 16:59
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/39776
Related URLs: http://www.austriaca.at/6957-4 (Publisher URL)

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