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Flügel, Peter (2023) 'The Trimandiras of the Akrama Vijñāna Mārga.' In: Flügel, Peter, De Jonckheere, Heleen and Söhnen-Thieme, Renate, (eds.), Pure Soul: The Jaina Spiritual Traditions. London: Centre of Jaina Studies, SOAS, pp. 172-193.

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The analysis of the standard practice of image-veneration in the Akram Vijñan Mārg enables us to answer the question about the differences between the spiritual (adhyātmika) discourses of A.M. Paṭel, his elder contemporary Kanajī Svāmī, and of Śrīmad Rājacandra. The core teachings of these three non-monastic 20th century Gujarātī Jaina religious philosophers go back to the Digambara mystic Kundakunda. They are in many respects indistinguishable, except for two fundamental differences: the role of the guru’s grace (kṛpa), emphasized by Rājacandra and A.M. Paṭel, but rejected by Kānajī Svāmī, and the attitude to and practice of image worship (mūrti-pūjā).

Item Type: Book Chapters
Keywords: Jainism, Akrama Vijñāna Mārga, A.M. Paṭel, trimandira, Sīmandhara Svāmī, Kṛṣṇa, Śiva, Kundakunda, spiritualism, image veneration, syncretism
SOAS Departments & Centres: School Research Centres > Centre of Jaina Studies
Departments and Subunits > School of History, Religions & Philosophies > Department of Religions & Philosophies
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religions. Mythology. Rationalism
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
H Social Sciences > HS Societies secret benevolent etc
P Language and Literature > PI Oriental languages and literatures
P Language and Literature > PK Indo-Iranian languages and literatures
D History General and Old World
ISBN: 9781399946865
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2023 13:52
Funders: Leverhulme Trust

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