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Lovestrand, Joseph (2018) 'Plural addressee marker and grammaticalization in Barayin.' Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics, 10 (1). pp. 52-82.

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This article describes two distinct but related grammaticalization paths in Barayin, an East Chadic language. One path is from a first-person plural pronoun to a first-person dual pronoun. Synchronically, the pronominal forms in Barayin with first-person dual number must now be combined with a plural addressee enclitic, nà, to create a first-person plural pronoun. This path is identical to what has been documented in Philippine-type languages. The other path is from a first-person dative suffix to a suffix dedicated to first-person hortative. This path of grammaticalization has not been discussed in the literature. It occurred in several related languages, and each case results in a hortative form with a dual subject. Hortative forms with a plural subject are created by adding a plural addressee marker to the dual form. The plural addressee marker in Chadic languages is derived from a second-person pronominal.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Chadic, Barayin, hortative, dual, pronouns, diachronic
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Languages, Cultures & Linguistics > Department of Linguistics
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
P Language and Literature > PL Languages and literatures of Eastern Asia, Africa, Oceania
ISSN: 18766633
Copyright Statement: © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2018. This is the accepted versions of an article published by Brill in Brill's Journal of Afroasiatic Languages and Linguistics. Available online:
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 12:34
Funders: Other

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