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Jennings, Michael (2008) Surrogates of the State: Non-Governmental Organisations, Development and Ujamaa in Tanzania. Bloomfield, Ct: Kumarian Press.

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Surrogates of the State explores the delicate relationship between development NGOs and the states they work in using the exhaustive and illuminating case study of Tanzania in the 1960s and 70s. During that time Tanzania instituted the rural socialist Ujamaa program, resulting in the forced resettlement of 6 million people to villages, transforming the map of the country. Rather than questioning this policy, NGOs working in the area (as typified by Oxfam) became surrogates of the state, helping to carry out the program. The book argues that the NGO community was seduced by its own interpretations of what Ujamaa represented, and was consequently blinded to the dark realities of resettlement. Bound by ideological chains of their own forging, organizations that in other contexts have criticized over-mighty states and the use of overt force, NGOs committed themselves fully to Tanzania and its development policy. Through this study, the book uncovers not just the story of development in Tanzania in this critical period, but the history of the NGO itself. And in doing so, raises questions about the future direction of this institution which has become so prominent in international development.

Item Type: Authored Books
Keywords: Non-governmental organizations; Tanzania; Ujamaa; Oxfam; Christian Aid; Christian Council of Tanzania; Ruvuma Development Association
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Development Studies
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > Department of Development Studies
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
D History General and Old World > DT Africa
ISBN: 9781565492431
Date Deposited: 18 Aug 2009 13:42

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