SOAS Research Online

A Free Database of the Latest Research by SOAS Academics and PhD Students

[skip to content]

Nayir, Ayse Zeynep (2024) From Belief to Bread: A Gendered Examination of Poverty Alleviation in Türkiye. PhD thesis. SOAS University of London. DOI:

[img] Text - Submitted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 2 January 2027.


This thesis offers a comprehensive investigation into the organizational structures and attributes of Religiously Motivated Welfare Organizations (RMWOs) engaged in poverty alleviation initiatives in Türkiye. Utilizing a social relations approach to institutional analysis, the study scrutinizes the role of religion and gender in shaping institutional practices and poverty reduction endeavours. Drawing on 197 in-depth interviews—both face-to-face and online—as well as seven months of ethnographic research involving a range of stakeholders from donors and employees to volunteers and beneficiaries, the study finds that RMWOs have swiftly emerged as a crucial conduit for poverty relief in Türkiye. In numerous instances, these organizations serve as the sole support mechanism for economically disadvantaged families. However, the thesis also uncovers that the practices and institutional characteristics within these RMWOs often perpetuate discourses of poverty and marginalization without addressing their underlying causes or contesting prevailing gender norms.

Item Type: Theses (PhD)
SOAS Departments & Centres: SOAS Research Theses
Supervisors Name: Hannah Bargawi
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2024 15:35

Altmetric Data


Download activity - last 12 monthsShow export options
Downloads since deposit
6 month trend
6 month trend
Accesses by country - last 12 monthsShow export options
Accesses by referrer - last 12 monthsShow export options

Repository staff only

Edit Item Edit Item