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Agwu, Prince, Orjiakor, Charles T., Odii, Aloysius, Onalu, Chinyere, Nzeadibe, Chidi, Roy, Pallavi, Onwujekwe, Obinna and Okoye, Uzoma (2024) 'Leadership for ethical conduct of Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) in Nigeria and the challenge of ‘Miracle Examination Centres’.' Oxford Review of Education, 50 (3). pp. 349-365.

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The importance placed on passing Senior Secondary School Certificate Examinations (SSCE) in Nigeria has led to the emergence of ‘Miracle Examination Centres’ (MECs). MECs are schools where candidates get undeserving excellent SSCE results through institutionally enabled malpractice. This undermines the Nigerian education sector and its leadership. But well-researched empirical evidence on MECs in Nigeria is scarce. Through a reconnaissance technique (recce), we provide new evidence on MECs’ activities, including their nature and patronage, while providing informed remedial pointers that can be harnessed by the education sector leadership. Interviews were conducted with 97 persons, comprising community members, teachers, and school owners across 16 communities in four study sites (Abuja, Anambra, Edo, and Kogi), and data were supported by observations. Elicited data were thematically analysed. Findings show that MECs were more interested in rents (informal and undue fees) by compromising SSCE standards and less interested in academic training. Community members were aware of the activities of MECs and could readily identify or discuss them. We uncovered the adopted processes in facilitating this kind of malpractice. A feasible strategy to address MECs and similar examination fraud syndicates across countries is for the education sector leadership to strategically focus on the demand and supply sides.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Corruption, examination malpractice, Miracle Examination Centres, WAEC, NECO, SSCE
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
ISSN: 03054985
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 24 Jul 2023 07:53
Funders: Other

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