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Marcel, Valérie, Gordon, Deborah, Ogeer, Naadira and Omonbude, Ekpen (2023) 'Left behind: emerging oil and gas producers in a warming world.' Climate Policy, 23 (9). pp. 1151-1166.

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Abstract

The push for decarbonization is dampening resource prospects in nations with undeveloped oil and gas. It is critical to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the petroleum sector, but there are equity issues related to requiring a shift away from oil and gas before development gains are made, especially in countries that have contributed very little to historical emissions. We review the prospects for five emerging producers to produce oil and gas at the lowest emissions intensity while achieving their economic and environmental goals. We find they lack the required capacity for stringent emissions management and to manage transition risks. The low-carbon pathway presents its own challenges with plans that lack national specificity and offer no substitute to the fiscal potential of the petroleum sector, and a lack of supportive technical assistance and finance. A just transition (JT) approach in these countries will not be about reskilling as they move away from a petroleum dependent economy, but instead about engaging with citizens to break the mould of petroleum-led development expectations and defining the new pathway for development. These countries will require support for transition planning that ensures that any oil and gas production minimizes GHG emissions, and limits the risk of economic lock-in, to invest in broad-based benefits and in a credible shift to a low-carbon economy. Inadequate international support risks leaving some countries behind, or to essential changes being contested in the transition.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Petroleum, energy transition, energy access, equity, emissions reduction, global south
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Development Studies
ISSN: 14693062
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2023.2231398
SWORD Depositor: JISC Publications Router
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2023 12:40
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/39877
Funders: Other, Other

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