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Bodt, Tim (2022) 'Negation in Kho-Bwa: A typological comparison.' In: Hayashi, Norihiko and Ikeda, Takumi, (eds.), Diversity of Negation. Kyoto, Japan: Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, pp. 203-237. (Grammatical Phenomena of Sino-Tibetan Languages, no.5)

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Alternative Location: http://hdl.handle.net/2433/275714

Abstract

The Kho-Bwa languages Puroik (Sulung), Bugun (Khowa), Sherdukpen, Sartang, Khispi (Lishpa) and Duhumbi (Chugpa) are generally presumed to form a small, coherent cluster within the Sino-Tibetan language family. They are spoken in western and central Arunachal Pradesh in Northeast India. The latter four languages form an established subgroup, the Western Kho-Bwa languages. The Kho-Bwa languages are characterized by a few typologically idiosyncratic negative forms and negation strategies. The inherited Kho-Bwa negation prefix is *ba, unlike basically all other Sino-Tibetan languages that have negation markers deriving from a bilabial nasal onset, *ma. The Kho-Bwa negation prefix is a real prefix, forming a single phonological unit with the verbal or deverbalised form it modifies. Unlike some neighboring languages, such as the Tani languages that have post-verbal negation, negation in the Kho-Bwa languages is predominantly, but not exclusively, pre-verbal, more like other neighboring languages, such as the Bodish and Hrusish languages. Specific negation strategies that show variation within the Kho-Bwa languages and may serve as means to further sub-group them include the strategies for negation of derived adjectives, the negation of serial verb constructions, the negation of noun-verb compounds and the form of the negative imperative (prohibitive).

Item Type: Book Chapters
Keywords: Kho-Bwa; Sino-Tibetan; typology; phylogenetics
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of East Asian Languages & Cultures
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the article accepted for publication in Hayashi, Norihiko and Ikeda, Takumi, (eds.), Diversity of Negation. Kyoto, Japan: Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University, pp. 203-237. (Grammatical Phenomena of Sino-Tibetan Languages, no.5) (2022). Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2023 08:28
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/39848
Funders: Other, Other

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