SOAS Research Online

A Free Database of the Latest Research by SOAS Academics and PhD Students

[skip to content]

Emmers, Ralf (2021) 'Democratization, National Identity, and Indonesia’s Foreign Policy.' In: Rozman, Gilbert, (ed.), Democratization, National Identity and Foreign Policy in Asia. London: Routledge.

Text - Accepted Version
Download (322kB) | Preview


This chapter explores the existing connections between Indonesia’s process of democratization, its evolving national identity, and its foreign policy. It reviews how Indonesia has encouraged democratic values and respect for human rights in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and through other institutional means like the Bali Democracy Forum (BDF) and the Bali Process to counter human smuggling and trafficking. Yet, despite its initiatives and some accomplishments, insufficient leadership, resource limitations, and ongoing resistance from other Southeast Asian nations have restrained Indonesia’s ability to promote democracy and human rights in the region. Indonesia seems, therefore, unable, or unwilling, to move beyond the projection of its own democratization experience and to become an influential source of advocacy for domestic policy transition within the wider region.

Item Type: Book Chapters
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
Departments and Subunits
ISBN: 9780367634339
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the chapter accepted for publication in Rozman, Gilbert, (ed.), Democratization, National Identity and Foreign Policy in Asia. London: Routledge (2022). Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2023 10:35

Altmetric Data


Download activity - last 12 monthsShow export options
Downloads since deposit
6 month trend
6 month trend
Accesses by country - last 12 monthsShow export options
Accesses by referrer - last 12 monthsShow export options

Repository staff only

Edit Item Edit Item