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Oran, Baskın and Akkoyunlu, Feyzi Karabekir (2019) 'Kemalism and the Republican People’s Party (CHP).' In: Özyürek, Esra, Özpınar, Gaye and Altındiş, Emrah, (eds.), Authoritarianism and Resistance in Turkey: Conversations on Democratic and Social Challenges. Cham: Springer, pp. 11-18.

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Abstract

From the late 18th century onward, the twin revolutions of industrialization and nationalism posed existential threats to multireligious, multiethnic, multicultural territorial empires like those of the Hapsburgs and the Ottomans. During this period, the imperial ruling elite responded to these new challenges using various ideological interventions. In the Ottoman Empire, these were, respectively, Ottomanism, Islamism, and Turkism. Kemalism is the offspring of this turbulent process, borne out of the rise and fall of the three ideologies of Ottomanism, Islamism, and Turkism and the experience of a decade of war and destruction between 1912 and 1922. It emerged as the ideology of revolutionary Westernization from above, conceived and carried out by the modernized intelligentsia of a largely premodern society.

Item Type: Book Chapters
Keywords: Turkey, Kemalism
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
ISBN: 9783319767048
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the chapter accepted for publication in Özyürek, Esra, Özpınar, Gaye and Altındiş, Emrah, (eds.), Authoritarianism and Resistance in Turkey: Conversations on Democratic and Social Challenges. Cham: Springer, pp. 11-18 (2019). Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76705-5_2
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2022 09:55
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/37569

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