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Koumbarou, Andriana, Srivastava, Shubham K. and Biswas, Sarada B. (2021) 'Reverse complex predicates or something else?: The case of Hindi de ‘give’ and jaa ‘go’.' SOAS Working Papers in Linguistics, 20. pp. 72-94.

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Abstract

“Aspectual” complex predicates (ACPs) in Hindi are formed by a sequence of two verbs that together describe a single event. The main verb is realised in root form and contributes lexical meaning, followed by a light verb which carries TAM morphology and somehow modifies the event (VMAINVLIGHT ordering). However, it has been noted that some verb-verb combinations allow a “reverse” order in which a light verb in root form precedes the main verb inflected for TAM (VLIGHTVMAIN ordering). In this paper we take the light verbs de ‘give’ and jaa ‘go’ as case studies and trace their use in standardly ordered complex predicates, as well as what look like cases of reversal. We present our initial findings and argue that the unusual VLIGHTVMAIN sequences are not simply a reordered variant of a standard complex predicate but, in fact, exhibit interpretational differences (e.g., intentionality) that stem from the initial placement and lexical semantics of directed-action de ‘give’ and directed-motion jaa ‘go’.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: (reverse) complex predicates, light verbs, intentionality, directionality, Hindi
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Languages, Cultures & Linguistics > Department of Linguistics
ISSN: 14730855
Copyright Statement: © 2021, the author.
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.25501/SOAS.00035586
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2021 12:16
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/35586

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