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Craven, Matthew (2021) 'The Tyranny of Strangers: Transformative Occupations Old and New.' London Review of International Law, 9 (2). pp. 197-218.

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In the aftermath of the US led invasion of Iraq in 2003, considerable attention was given to the apparent emergence of a new type of belligerent occupation—the ‘transformative occupation’ which apparently challenged the traditional assumptions of the law of occupation. The suggestion here is that, as an examination of the British occupation of Mesopotamia between 1914-1924 reveals, the ‘transformative occupation’ is by no means a new institution, but is one that may be associated with a tradition of thought and practice in which the institution of belligerent occupationwas made congruent with the operational rationalities of colonial rule by re-imagining it as a form of sacred trust. The legacy of that history, it is contended, is critical for understanding the role of occupation law today.

Item Type: Journal Article
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Law
ISSN: 20506325
Copyright Statement: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in London Review of International Law, Volume 9, Issue 2, July 2021, Pages 197–218 following peer review. The version of record s available online at:
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 13 May 2021 17:50

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