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Charney, Michael W. (2020) 'Southeast Asia, 1300-1540.' In: The Cambridge History of War II: War and the Medieval World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 507-522. (The Cambridge History of War)

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Abstract

The end of the thirteenth century and the early decades of the fourteenth century witnessed the end of Southeast Asia’s classical period, that age when the empires of Pagan (Burma), Angkor (Cambodia), Dai Viet (northern Vietnam), and Sri Vijaya (in the Malay Archipelago) thrived and introduced the region’s religions, political models, and cultural standards. The thirteenth-century invasions of Mongol armies coming out of Yuan China encouraged, but did not cause, the collapse of most of these states, although changes in the application of the Chinese tribute system may have played a substantial role in the fall of Sri Vijaya. On the mainland, however, Mongol intervention was merely disruptive and did not represent meaningful conquest. Instead, administrative weaknesses and trade dislocation contributed to political fragmentation followed by internecine war among the myriad successor states. This fighting would only end with the reemergence of large-scale empires from the middle to the end of the sixteenth century. The period between 1300 and 1540 thus represented a phase of near constant warfare, due both to the multiplicity of competing polities and the administrative weaknesses that worked against sustained political centralization. By the end of the period, the formation of new empires established the political terrain for warfare in the centuries to come.

Item Type: Book Chapters
Keywords: Warfare, Southeast Asia, Medieval, Burma, Vietnam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaya, firearms, elephants, cavalry
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of History, Religions & Philosophies > Department of History
Subjects: D History General and Old World > DS Asia
ISBN: 9781139025492
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1017/9781139025492.020
Date Deposited: 14 Dec 2020 10:51
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/34410
Related URLs: https://www.cam ... 49335CC76998EE4 (Publisher URL)

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