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Zhou, Hong, Yan, Jianzhong, Lei, Kun, Wu, Ya and Sun, Laixiang (2020) 'Labor migration and the decoupling of the crop-livestock system in a rural mountainous area: Evidence from Chongqing, China.' Land Use Policy, 99 (105088). pp. 1-12.

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Abstract

Massive out-migration of rural labor force brings both challenges and opportunities to crop-livestock integrated production system (crop-livestock system) in smallholder economy. Compared with previous researches that have paid major attention to the effect of labor migration on either crop production or livestock husbandry, this study considers the mediating role of crop production in predicting the effect of labor migration on livestock raising. Our econometric estimation based on a 2012 survey of 974 rural households in Chongqing, a mountainous region of China, showed the following. (1) The massive migration of rural labor force had led to significant increase in farmland abandonment and considerable changes in the pattern of livestock raising. (2) The livestock raising number per household began to differentiate, with the livestock system separating from the traditional crop-livestock system and becoming a specialized business. (3) In terms of the pathways through which rural labor migration exerts impact on livestock raising number, though the increased opportunity costs of rural labor greatly reduced farmers’ willingness to raise livestock, the decoupling of the crop-livestock system partly alleviated the declining trend in the livestock raising number because of the availability of household labor force freed from cropping via farmland abandonment. These findings have important policy implications for rural development and agricultural restructuring in mountainous areas of China, and provide references for other developing countries.

Item Type: Journal Article
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Finance & Management
ISSN: 02648377
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.105088
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2020 11:23
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/34405
Funders: Other

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