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Urban, Frauke, Siciliano, Giuseppina, Villalobos, Alonso, Dang, Nguyen Anh and Markus, Lederer (2020) 'Costa Rica and Vietnam: Pioneers in green transformations.' In: Wurzel, Rüdiger K.W., Skou Andersen, Mikael and Tobin, Paul, (eds.), Climate Governance across the Globe. Pioneers, Leaders and Followers. Abingdon: Routledge. (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics Series)

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This chapter compares the strategies and motives of green transformations for energy-related industries in Vietnam and Costa Rica, analyses what role their different political systems have played on climate governance, what progress has been made and what the barriers are. It adopts a wide definition of the energy sector by including energy generation, use, and supply and demand in the power sector, transport sector, industry and through other economic activities. The chapter discusses what other countries can learn from these pioneers in green transformations. Costa Rica and Vietnam are two middle-income countries with similar regional importance that are both ambitious pioneers in green transformations. In Costa Rica the green transformation is being driven by the government’s Sustainable Development Strategy and in Vietnam it is embedded within the Green Growth Strategy. In Costa Rica the main barrier to decarbonisation is the transport sector which accounts for almost 70% of national carbon dioxide emissions.

Item Type: Book Chapters
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Interdisciplinary Studies > Centre for Development, Environment and Policy
ISBN: 9780367434366
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2020 14:09
Funders: Wellcome Trust

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