SOAS Research Online

A Free Database of the Latest Research by SOAS Academics and PhD Students

[skip to content]

Berenskoetter, Felix and Pashakhanlou, Arash Heydarian (2020) 'Friends in War: Sweden between Solidarity and Self-help, 1939-1945.' Cooperation and Conflict, 56 (1). pp. 83-100.

Text - Accepted Version
Download (304kB) | Preview


This article scrutinizes the assumption that friends support each other in times of war. Picking up the notion that solidarity, or ‘other-help’, is a key feature of friendship between states, the article explores how states behave when a friend is attacked by an overwhelming enemy. It directs attention to the trade-off between solidarity and self-help governments face in such a situation and makes the novel argument that the decision about whether and how to support the friend is significantly influenced by assessments of the distribution of material capabilities and the relationship the state has with the aggressor. This proposition is supported empirically in an examination of Sweden’s response to its Nordic friends’ need for help during the Second World War – to Finland during the 1939-1940 ‘Winter War’ with the Soviet Union, and to Norway following the invasion of Germany from 1940 to 1945.

Item Type: Journal Article
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
ISSN: 00108367
Copyright Statement: © The Author(s) 2020. This is the accepted manuscript of an article published by SAGE in Cooperation and Conflict: Journal of the Nordic International Studies Association, available online: Reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2020 14:57
Funders: Leverhulme Trust

Altmetric Data


Download activity - last 12 monthsShow export options
Downloads since deposit
6 month trend
6 month trend
Accesses by country - last 12 monthsShow export options
Accesses by referrer - last 12 monthsShow export options

Repository staff only

Edit Item Edit Item