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Burney, Fatima (2019) 'Locating the World in Metaphysical Poetry: The Bardification of Hafiz.' Journal of World Literature, 4 (2). pp. 149-168.

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Abstract

Discussions on world literature often imagine literary presence, movement, and exchange in terms of location and prioritize those literary traditions that can be easily mapped. In many regards, classical ghazal poetry resists such interpretation. Nonetheless, a number of nineteenth century writers working in Urdu and English reframed classical ghazal poetry according to notions of locale that were particularly underpinned by ideas of natural essence, or genius. This article puts two such receptions of the classical ghazal in conversation with one another: the naičral shā‛irī (natural poetry) movement in North India, and the portrayal of classical Persian poet Hafiz as a figure of national genius in the scholarship of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Both these examples highlight the role that discourses of nature and natural expression played in nineteenth-century literary criticism, particularly with regards to conceptions of national culture. They also demonstrate how Persianate literary material that had long circulated in cosmopolitan ways could be vernacularized by rereading conventionalized tropes of mystical longing in terms of more worldly belonging.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Bardic Nationalism, Ghazal, World Literature
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Languages, Cultures & Linguistics
ISSN: 24056480
Copyright Statement: © Fatima Burney, 2019. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the prevailing CC-BY-NC-ND license at the time of publication: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1163/24056480-00402002
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2019 14:59
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/30230
Funders: European Union

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