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Al-Deehani, Talla, Karim, Rifaat Ahmed Abdel and Murinde, Victor (1999) 'The capital sturcture of Islamic banks unfrt the contractual obligation of profit sharing.' International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance, 02 (03). pp. 243-283.

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Abstract

Islamic banks are established with the mandate of conducting all their transactions in conformity with Islamic precepts which prohibit, among other things, the receipt and payment of interest. Unlike conventional (non-Islamic) commercial banks, Islamic banks mobilise funds primarily via investment accounts using profit sharing contracts. In this paper, we argue that the concept of financial risk, on which modern capital structure theories are based, is not relevant to Islamic banks. Given the contractual obligation binding the Islamic bank's shareholders and investment account holders to share profits from investments, we propose a theoretical model in which, under certain assumptions, an increase in investment accounts financing enables the Islamic bank to increase both its market value and its shareholders' rates of return at no extra financial risk to the bank. We theoretically demonstrate that such a process leads to an increase in the Islamic bank's market value but does not alter its weighted average cost of capital, i.e. the weighted average cost of capital of the Islamic bank remains constant. The evidence obtained from estimating and testing the model on annual accounts drawn from a sample of 12 Islamic banks lends support to our theoretical predictions, as do the results from counterfactual simulations and sensitivity experiments. Hence, in the context of Islamic banks both our theoretical and empirical results provide a new dimension to the theory of capital structure, which is based on a mixture of only debt and equity financing. In general, viewed against the main competing tenets of the traditional school and the MM standpoint, our results provide an encompassing paradigm on the theory of capital structure.

Item Type: Journal Article
SOAS Departments & Centres: Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Finance and Management
ISSN: 02190249
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): https://doi.org/10.1142/S0219024999000157
Date Deposited: 21 May 2017 17:16
URI: https://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/23961

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