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Pisani, Elizabeth and Buehler, Michael (2016) 'Why do Indonesian politicians promote shari’alaws? An analytic framework for Muslim-majority democracies.' Third World Quarterly, 38 (3). pp. 734-752.

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Taking the discussion in the existing literature on the adoption of shari’a laws in democratising Muslim-majority countries as a starting point, we posit that there are two broad motivations for democratically-elected politicians to adopt shari’a laws and regulations: ideological conviction on the one hand and response to the expressed or perceived preference of constituents on the other hand. The ‘demand side’ can be further divided into the preferences of individual voters, and the interests of groups which act as power brokers, influencing the voting choices of individual citizens. These groups may be economic, religious, or other actors. These motivations are not mutually exclusive; the passage of a given shari’a regulation may fulfil two or all three of them simultaneously. However, we posit that the interaction between the place, timing, and content of shari’a laws passed in a nation as a whole will vary in various predictable ways, according to the dominant motivations. The dominant motivation may also affect the vigour with which the law is implemented.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: Accepted version of an article published online by Taylor & Francis on 29 July 2016.
Keywords: Elections, Indonesia, Islamism, shari’a law, Southeast Asia
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > Department of Politics and International Studies
ISSN: 01436597
Copyright Statement: © 2016 Southseries Inc. This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Third World Quarterly on 29 Jul 2016, available online:
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2016 15:40

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