SOAS Research Online

A Free Database of the Latest Research by SOAS Academics and PhD Students

[skip to content]

Prell, Christina and Sun, Laixiang (2015) 'Unequal carbon exchanges: understanding pollution embodied in global trade.' Environmental Sociology, 1 (4). pp. 256-267.

Full text not available from this repository.


We examine carbon emission transfers via trade among countries over a 20-year period. A net transfer of carbon emission means that the emission embodied in a country’s imports exceeds the emission embodied in exports. We consider a number of socio-economic drivers to explain variations in such net transfers across countries. Our findings show a U-shaped curvilinear relationship between countries’ GDP per capita and their net carbon transfer, suggesting that countries are typically heavy net importers of carbon in early phases of economic development, become balanced or even net exporters of carbon in middle stages of development, and then return to being heavy net importers of carbon in later stages of development. We reflect on these findings in the context of ecological modernization (EM) and ecological unequal exchange (EUE) theories, as well as the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: carbon transfer by trade; ecological unequal exchange; environmental Kuznets curve; ecological modernization
SOAS Departments & Centres: Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Finance and Management
ISSN: 23251042
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2016 17:49


Download activity - last 12 months
Downloads since deposit
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months

Research Mentions and Reach

Additional statistics for this record are available via IRStats2

Repository staff only

Edit Item Edit Item