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Abosag, Ibrahim, Roper, Stuart and Hind, Daniel (2012) 'Examining the Relationship between Brand Emotion and Brand Extension among Supporters of Professional Football Clubs.' European Journal of Marketing, 46 (6). pp. 1233-1251.

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Purpose: There is debate and controversy about the use of branding in sport. Often, fans show loyalty to their club that many brands could only dream of, and a key argument of previous research is that supporters do not like to think of their club in commercial terms, as a brand (Chadwick and Beech, 2007; Chadwick and Holt, 2006). However, we argue that in today’s environment fans have a pragmatic attitude towards the necessity of branding and its importance in the future success of their clubs. Thus a model conceptualising the relationship between supporters’ emotional attachment, supporters’ brand perception/strength and their support for brand extension was developed and tested. Methodology: In-depth interviews with, players, clubs’ officials and supporters, leading to the design of a survey instrument completed by 852 supporters of two professional Norwegian football clubs. Findings: The model confirms that fans that have a strong emotional attachment to their club have a stronger perception of the club as a brand and support brand extension. Research limitations: This is a one country study. Practical implications: Club management needs to be careful when extending its brand. Brand extension must be designed to reflect the heritage and tradition of the club. Also, club management needs to show in brand extension an element of competitiveness which improves brand image, strengthens supporters’ belief in their club and attracts new supporters. Originality/value: We provide new evidence which contradicts existing theory. The study challenged the widely accepted argument that supporters of football clubs are likely to disapprove of and reject the thought of their favourite football club as a brand.

Item Type: Journal Article
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Finance & Management
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Finance and Management
ISSN: 03090566
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the article accepted for publication in European Journal of Marketing, 46 (6). pp. 1233-1251 published by Emerald Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2016 15:52

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