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Smith, Laurence and Siciliano, Giuseppina (2015) 'A comprehensive review of constraints to improved management of fertilizers in China and mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture.' Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 209. pp. 15-25.

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Complex and inter-related factors explain the excessive use of fertilizer observed in many intensive farming systems in China, and hence act as barriers to development of a comprehensive policy and intervention framework for mitigation of diffuse water pollution from agriculture (DWPA). This review provides an original and contemporary synthesis of these factors that is broader, deeper and more inter-related than existing assessments. The analysis confirms that DWPA cannot be addressed by single regulatory or policy measures. There is a need to develop a mitigation framework that encompasses central policy directives, reform in governance at local level, an enabling regulatory environment, horizontal and vertical coordination in food supply chains, unbiased incentives for efficient fertilizer use and protection of water resources, enhanced agricultural, food safety and environmental education for farmers and consumers, and engagement of multiple actors beyond government.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Fertilizer, Nutrients, Diffuse pollution, Policy, Governance
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Interdisciplinary Studies > Centre for Development, Environment and Policy
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Finance and Management > Centre for Development, Environment and Policy (CeDEP)
ISSN: 01678809
Copyright Statement: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2015 09:12

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