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Campbell, John (2002) 'A Critical Appraisal of Participatory Methods in Development Research.' International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 5 (1). pp. 19-29.

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Anthropologists and others working in the field of development are making increasing use of participatory research methods. While aware of the value of such methods, this paper outlines a number of methodological issues that need to be carefully considered. Such issues, when taken together with the problem of combining participatory with other forms of qualitative and quantitative research, argue strongly not only for caution but the need to undertake basic research on the participatory methods themselves. This paper looks at the development of participatory rural appraisal (PRA) in development research, and critically examines three methods/techniques--interviewing, visualization and ranking/scoring--in terms of their relation to qualitative research. Finally, the issue of the validity of PRA is discussed in relation to arguments about the role of sequencing/triangulating research techniques that are shown to be as problematic as the unexamined use of PRA methods.

Item Type: Journal Article
ISSN: 13645579
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2007 13:13

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