SOAS Research Online

A Free Database of the Latest Research by SOAS Academics and PhD Students

[skip to content]

Flügel, Peter (2012) 'Jainism.' In: Anheier, Helmut K and Juergensmeyer, Mark, (eds.), Encyclopedia of Global Studies. Vol. 3. Thousand Oakes: Sage, pp. 975-979.

PDF (Publisher's version)
Download (590kB) | Preview


The Encyclopedia entry highlights the recent transformation of Jainism from an universalist ideology (idea-logy) of world-renunciation into an ideology for world-transformation. These widespread changes in the Jaina tradition are not unprecedented. They echo the global movement of 'religious modernism', a nineteenth century theological response to the ideas of the European enlightenment, which westernised elites in South Asia embraced as well under the influence of colonialism, global industrial capitalism and modern science and technology. In the discourse of 'Jain modernism', 'Jainism' is framed not only as a 'religion', in the sense of the new Religionswissenschaft, but as a 'world religion', both by academics, colonial administrators and by western educated Jain community leaders, promoting the reformist agenda that now dominates Jain culture, especially in the global Jain Diaspora. Key aspects of these new developments are reviewed under six headings: (1) Early history, (2) Colonialism & revivalism, (3) Migration & world wide mission, (4) Innovative religious ideas and practices, (5) Social and political activism, (6) Global organizations.

Item Type: Book Chapters
Keywords: Jainism, Jaina modernism, early history, colonialism & revivalism, migration & world wide mission, innovative religious ideas and practices, social and political activism, global organizations.
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of History, Religions & Philosophies > Department of Religions & Philosophies
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Department of the Study of Religions > Centre of Jaina Studies
ISBN: 9781412964296
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2012 SAGE Publications.
Date Deposited: 06 Jun 2012 10:13

Altmetric Data

There is no Altmetric data currently associated with this item.


Download activity - last 12 monthsShow export options
Downloads since deposit
6 month trend
6 month trend
Accesses by country - last 12 monthsShow export options
Accesses by referrer - last 12 monthsShow export options

Repository staff only

Edit Item Edit Item