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Hill, Nathan W. (2010) 'Personal Pronouns in Old Tibetan.' Journal Asiatique, 298 (2). pp. 549-571.

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The pronominal systems of early forms of Tibetan remain virtually unexplored. Old Tibetan has three first person singular pronouns ṅa, bdag, and kho-bo, as well as three first person plural pronouns ṅed, bdag-cag, and ḥo-skol. The second person pronouns include two singulars khyod and khyo(n)-ḥdaḥ and a plural khyed. The current study uncovers three third person pronouns kho-na, mo-na, and khoṅ-ta. Old Tibetan also has a reflexive pronoun raṅ. Through the examination of attested examples of each of these pronouns in Old Tibetan literature, this article attempts to distinguish the meanings among these diverse forms.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Old Tibetan, personal pronouns
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of East Asian Languages & Cultures
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Languages and Cultures > Department of the Languages and Cultures of China and Inner Asia
ISSN: 0021762X
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2011 15:41

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