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Andreoni, Antonio, Chang, Ha-Joon and Labrunie, Mateus (2021) 'Natura Non Facit Saltus: Challenges and Opportunities for Digital Industrialisation Across Developing Countries.' The European Journal of Development Research, 33. pp. 330-370.

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In this paper, we discuss the challenges and the opportunities faced by developing countries that want to join the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR). We first point out that the current discourse on 4IR is often based on poor understanding of the true nature of the phenomenon. Emphasising that many of the so-called 4IR technologies have been there and evolving rapidly in the last half a century, we argue that what defines 4IR is the fusion of these technologies. Given this, we argue, rather than trying to master particular 4IR technologies, developing countries should first focus on acquiring what we call the foundational capabilities, i.e. the capabilities to learn new technical and organisational solutions and apply them in creative and flexible ways. Using this perspective, we then discuss in great detail how different 4IR technologies are re-shaping each industry and creating new industries through technological fusion, while discussing how these changes are affecting the opportunities and challenges faced by developing countries for industrial development. We conclude the paper by discussing the implications of our findings for industrial policy in developing countries.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Fourth industrial revolution, Developing countries, Leapfrogging, Foundational capabilities, Technology fusion, Industrial policy
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Economics
ISSN: 09578811
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the article/chapter accepted for publication in The European Journal of Development Research, 33 (2021) published by Springer Nature. Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 09 Jan 2023 19:43

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