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Okayama, Seiko (2022) 'Muslim Leadership within Gujarat’s Congress in the 1980s.' South Asia Research, 42 (2). pp. 177-194.

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Much literature covers how the rise of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India impacted on the political marginalisation of Muslims, while it has not been examined in sufficient depth how the internal dynamics of Congress contributed to this decline in Muslim nominations for elections. This article examines the Congress party’s organisational circumstances that affected Muslims’ electoral representation in 1980s Gujarat. It demonstrates that, along with the influence of competing Hindutva forces, the ongoing ‘deinstitutionalisation’ of the Congress party also damaged the political representation of Muslims. Interview accounts and archival documents indicate how factional fighting within Congress subverted the faction-like consolidation of the Muslim leaders’ negotiation power. The article argues that despite vertical and dyadic ties with Hindu leaders inside the party, Muslim Congressmen could not attain unified leadership to generate sufficient pressure on the party to nominate Muslims for elections.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: candidate selection, Congress, elections, Gujarat, Muslims, party organisation
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Politics & International Studies
ISSN: 02627280
Copyright Statement: This is the version of the article/chapter accepted for publication in South Asia Research, 42 (2). pp. 177-194 (2022) published by Sage. Re-use is subject to the publisher’s terms and conditions, and is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses
DOI (Digital Object Identifier):
Date Deposited: 22 Jul 2022 13:02
Funders: Other, Other, Other, Other

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