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McQuinn, Mark (2018) 'Strengths and Weaknesses of African Trade Unions in the Neoliberal Period with a Sierra Leone Case Study'.' Africana Studia (28).

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Abstract

This article provides an overview of the weaknesses and strengths of trade unions in Africa, as neoliberal economic policies continue to spread across the continent. The Power Resources Approach is used as a conceptual framework. Five problems affecting the ability of trade unions to formulate effective policies and practices are outlined and discussed: poor organisational ability, low financial capacity, an over-emphasis on representing formal sector workers, inadequate enforcement of legislation protecting labour rights and the absence of effective central bargaining units. Two strengths of African labour organisations are highlighted: first, their representation, in many cases, of significant numbers of the working class. Second, the will and capacity demonstrated by some trade unions to undertake concerted actions against policies that have adversely affected the labour force. In addition, two points of leverage trade unions have in negotiating with the state and representatives of capital are assessed. First, the wide gap that has developed in Africa between the incomes of a rich minority and the large numbers of the workforce who continue to live in poverty. Second, the rising amount of profits that are being repatriated by foreign investors, exploiting lucrative economic sectors. This is exposing the emptiness of continued arguments by governments that labour movements must subordinate their claims on behalf of members to those of the greater ‘national interest’. To illustrate these issues empirically, a case study of trade unions in Sierra Leone is examined. The work, in particular, of the Sierra Leone Labour Congress (SLLC) and the Sierra Leone Teachers Union (SLTU) is discussed. The case study analysis highlights the substantive difficulties facing the SLLC and the SLTU in defending effectively the rights and interests of workers.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: trade unions, labour, strengths and weaknesses, Sierra Leone
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > Department of Development Studies
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
ISSN: 08742375
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2019 08:49
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/30216

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