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From Demographic Transition to Fertility Boom and Bust: Iran in the 1980s and 1990s

Hakimian, Hassan (2006) 'From Demographic Transition to Fertility Boom and Bust: Iran in the 1980s and 1990s.' Development and Change, 37 (3). pp. 571-597.

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Abstract

Although it is widely recognized that demographic transition is not an uninterrupted process, demographers and population economists have treated short‐term swings in fertility with a measure of curiosity. Iran's experience of population growth after the Revolution in 1979 points to a double paradox of a steep and unprecedented surge in population growth in the 1980s followed by a swift restoration of fertility decline in the 1990s. Both periods have been characterized by extensive socio‐economic and institutional changes combined with radical and far‐reaching sways in Iran's post‐revolutionary population policy. This article applies standardized decomposition analysis to separate out and quantify the proximate components of change in the crude birth rate during these two fertility 'boom' and 'bust' phases. The aim is to ascertain to what extent structural/demographic or behavioural factors can explain the dynamics of change in fertility and population growth in Iran since the late 1970s. Our findings point to a hitherto neglected role of population momentum in initiating the 'Islamic baby boom' as well as a more limited role for population policy in explaining the genesis(rather than the momentum) of both boom and bust phases.

Item Type: Articles
SOAS Departments & Centres: Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > Department of Economics
Regional Centres > London Middle East Institute at SOAS
ISSN: 0012155X
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1111/j.0012-155X.2006.00491.x
Depositing User: Hassan Hakimian
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2010 10:47
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/8278

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