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Churches at War: The Impact of the First World War on the Christian Institutions of Jerusalem, 1914-1920

Mazza, Roberto (2009) 'Churches at War: The Impact of the First World War on the Christian Institutions of Jerusalem, 1914-1920.' Middle Eastern Studies, 45 (2). pp. 207-227.

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Abstract

The purpose of this article is to discuss the role and status of the Christian Institutions of Jerusalem from the beginning of the twentieth century until 1920 when British Military Administration of Palestine came to an end, with a particular focus on the First World War period. The first part of this article provides some historical background on a number of crucial issues: the history of the Christian Churches in Jerusalem, the relationship between the Churches and the Ottoman authorities, the competition with the European Powers for the control of the Holy Places, the Status Quo and the capitulations which were the most important political features of Christian Jerusalem until 1914. The case study of the Custody of the Holy Land explains the impact of the war on Christian institutions during and in its aftermath, particularly in 1918 when the Custody rebuilt its influence in the city and on the international stage. The second part of the article focuses on the war period and the creation of the Christian-Muslim associations which, to an extent united the Arab population of the city providing a different example of the impact of the war on the Christian institutions of Palestine and Jerusalem.

Item Type: Articles
SOAS Departments & Centres: Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Department of History
ISSN: 00263206
Copyright Statement: Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.informaworld.com/terms-and-conditions-of-access.pdf This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1080/00263200802383248
Depositing User: Dr Roberto Mazza
Date Deposited: 30 Mar 2009 13:24
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/7045

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