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A political ecology of REDD+: property rights, militarised protectionism, and carbonised exclusion in Cross River

Asiyanbi, Adeniyi P (2016) 'A political ecology of REDD+: property rights, militarised protectionism, and carbonised exclusion in Cross River.' Geoforum, 77. pp. 146-156.

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Abstract

This paper offers a critical assessment of REDD+ in Nigeria through a political ecology perspective. Focusing on questions of property rights and resource access, it maps the discursive articulations and contestations through which carbon rights are being determined. It also shows how these articulations and contestations are linked to land and forest rights, and how they shape everyday access to the forest. Evidence from the Nigerian case suggests that factors that complicate rights and undermine access to resources for forest communities under REDD+ are immanent to the contested terrain constituted in part by REDD+ proposals, proponents’ discourses and practices geared towards securing the forest for REDD+. Efforts to secure property rights and guarantee the permanence of REDD+ forests align with economic, ecological and ideological aspirations of state and non-state actors to produce a regime of militarised protectionism. I demonstrate how, in addition to its material and symbolic facilitation of the emergent carbon forestry economy, militarised protectionism as a regime of exclusion also constitutes collateral political economies of ‘more-than-carbon’ forest resources (such as timber and non-timber forest products) which perpetuate capital accumulation by the elites. It is this kind of exclusion–accumulation dialectic legitimised by carbon forestry claims that this paper describes as carbonised exclusion. The paper thus furthers debates on the political ecology of REDD+ and other carbon forestry projects, while productively engaging technocentric literature on REDD+ and property rights.

Item Type: Articles
SOAS Departments & Centres: Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > Department of Development Studies
ISSN: 00167185
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.10.016
Depositing User: Adeniyi Asiyanbi
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2016 16:56
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/23255

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