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The Human Right to Water and the Responsibilities of Businesses: An Analysis of Legal Issues

Chowdhury, Nobonita and Mustu, Basak and Haley, St. Dennis and Melanie, Yap (2011) The Human Right to Water and the Responsibilities of Businesses: An Analysis of Legal Issues. SOAS School of Law Research Paper No. 03/2011.

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Abstract

90% of the world’s fresh water resources are consumed within the industrial and agricultural sectors. Indicating water’s place at the top of the corporate agenda, a recent survey by the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) of more than 300 of the 500 largest companies in the world, found that 67% of respondents placed responsibility for water-related issues at the Board or Executive Committee level, 89% have developed specific water policies, and 60% have set water-related performance targets. Significantly, respondents across all sectors identified regulation as one of the key risks in corporate water practices. Part 1 of this paper provides an overview of the international recognition of the human right to water and its current legal scope – the legal framework guiding States’ obligations in fully realising the right to water for all, including State liability for businesses’ operations. Part 2 examines the mechanisms at both national and international level that are increasingly being used to hold water users and providers to account. Lastly, in Part 3, we attempt to answer why the human right to water is important to businesses by considering the implications of trends around the issue of business and human rights and how these trends can be used as an opportunity to operationalise the right to water within business practices.

Item Type: Monographs (Working Paper)
Additional Information: Reprinted from Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB) Research Papers
SOAS Departments & Centres: Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Law
SOAS Working Papers > School of Law Working Papers
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Depositing User: Hu Yuanqiong
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2016 16:19
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/22062

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