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How Servant Leadership Influences Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Roles of LMX, Empowerment and Proactive Personality

Newman, Alexander and Schwarz, Gary and Cooper, Brian and Sendjaya, Sen (2015) 'How Servant Leadership Influences Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The Roles of LMX, Empowerment and Proactive Personality.' Journal of Business Ethics . pp. 1-14.

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Abstract

While the link between servant leadership and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) has been established, the individual-level mechanisms underlying this relationship and its boundary conditions remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigate the salience of the mediating mechanisms of leader-member exchange (LMX) and psychological empowerment in explaining the process by which servant leaders elicit discretionary OCB among followers. We also examine the role of followers’ proactive personality in moderating the indirect effects of servant leadership on OCB through LMX and psychological empowerment. Analysis of survey data collected from 446 supervisor-subordinate dyads in a large Chinese multinational firm suggests that while servant leadership is positively related to subordinate OCB through LMX, psychological empowerment does not explain any additional variance in OCB above that accounted for by LMX. Moderated mediation tests confirm the moderating effect of proactive personality through LMX. By providing a nuanced understanding of how and when servant leadership leads followers to go above and beyond their job role, our study assists organizations in deciding how to develop and utilize servant leaders in their organizations.

Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: First published online 3rd September 2015
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of Finance & Management
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Law and Social Sciences > School of Finance and Management
ISSN: 01674544
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10551-015-2827-6
DOI (Digital Object Identifier): 10.1007/s10551-015-2827-6
Depositing User: Gary Schwarz
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2015 15:10
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/21206

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