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Jaina Funeral Palanquins

Flügel, Peter (2015) 'Jaina Funeral Palanquins.' Jaina Studies - Newsletter of the Centre of Jaina Studies, 10. pp. 21-28.

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Abstract

In contrast to the solemn funeral of a common Jaina lay person, whose dead body is carried by male family members to the funeral pyre on a simple bier, in a lying posture, covered from head to toe by a shroud, the funeral of a Jaina ascetic, who purposefully purified and finally “liberated” the soul from its fetters to achieve salvation or at least a better rebirth, is a joyous occasion. The corpse is carried on the shoulders of leading male representatives of the local Jaina community, behind an orchestra playing exuberant tunes, in a decorated funeral palanquin, resembling a royal litter. The article retraces the history and functions of this custom in the context of the development of Jaina monastic funeral in general and analyses the iconography of the funeral palanquins, variously designated as śibikā, vimāna or baikuṇṭḥī.

Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Jaina funeral palanquin, Jaina monastic funerals, Jaina processions, siviyā, sīyā, śibikā, vimāna, baikuṇṭḥī, nirharaṇa, Āvassayanijjutti, Jambuddīvapannatti, Mahāparinirvāṇasūtra, Ṛṣabha, Buddha, Ācārya Tulsī, Ācārya Mahāprajña, Ernst Waldschmidt, André Bareau, siviya, siya, sibika, vimana, baikunthi, nirharana, Avassayanijjutti, Jambuddivapannatti, Mahaparinirvanasutra, Rsabha, Buddha, Acarya Tulsi, Acarya Mahaprajna, Ernst Waldschmidt, Andre Bareau
SOAS Departments & Centres: Departments and Subunits > School of History, Religions & Philosophies > Department of Religions & Philosophies
Legacy Departments > Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Department of the Study of Religions > Centre of Jaina Studies
Copyright Statement: With permission of the editors.
Depositing User: Peter Flugel
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 09:58
URI: http://eprints.soas.ac.uk/id/eprint/19609

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