Hintze, Almut (2004) '“Do ut des: Patterns of Exchange in Zoroastrianism”. A Memorial Lecture for Ilya Gershevitch. Delivered at the Royal Asiatic Society on 13 June 2002.' Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, 14 (1). pp. 27-45.
Download (183Kb) | Preview
On the basis of the Avesta and the Rigveda, the article provides an outline the Indo-Iranian ritual involving a triangular configuration of patron, priest and god engaged in gift-exchange. By investigating the contexts of the much disputed, but important, Gathic word maga-, it highlights some aspects of the Old Avestan ritual governed by the same triangular pattern of ritually enacted gift-exchange. Finally, it discusses the Gathic evidence for exchange and reciprocity in a non-ritual, religious context. It concludes that there are, in the Gathas, two distinct, but interpenetrary, exchange patterns: first, the inherited Indo-Iranian triangular model underlying the ritual activity and governing the relationship between Zarathustra and some of his contemporaries and, secondly, a new pattern without Indo-Iranian antecedent, of a two-way relationship between any human being and Zarathustra’s god, Ahura Mazda.
|Item Type:||Journal Articles|
|SOAS Departments & Centres:||Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Department of the Study of Religions|
|Copyright Statement:||© The Royal Asiatic Society 2004|
|DOI (Digital Object Identifier):||10.1017/S1356186304003591|
|Depositing User:||Almut Hintze|
|Date Deposited:||29 Nov 2012 14:53|
Accesses by country - last 12 months
Accesses by referrer - last 12 months