Flügel, Peter (2012) 'Jainism.' In: Anheier, Helmut K and Juergensmeyer, Mark, (eds.), Encyclopedia of Global Studies. Vol. 3. Thousand Oakes: Sage, pp. 975-979.
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The Encyclopedia entry highlights the recent transformation of Jainism from an universalist ideology (idea-logy) of world-renunciation into an ideology for world-transformation. These widespread changes in the Jaina tradition are not unprecedented. They echo the global movement of 'religious modernism', a nineteenth century theological response to the ideas of the European enlightenment, which westernised elites in South Asia embraced as well under the influence of colonialism, global industrial capitalism and modern science and technology. In the discourse of 'Jain modernism', 'Jainism' is framed not only as a 'religion', in the sense of the new Religionswissenschaft, but as a 'world religion', both by academics, colonial administrators and by western educated Jain community leaders, promoting the reformist agenda that now dominates Jain culture, especially in the global Jain Diaspora. Key aspects of these new developments are reviewed under six headings: (1) Early history, (2) Colonialism & revivalism, (3) Migration & world wide mission, (4) Innovative religious ideas and practices, (5) Social and political activism, (6) Global organizations.
|Item Type:||Book Chapters|
|Keywords:||Jainism, Jaina modernism, early history, colonialism & revivalism, migration & world wide mission, innovative religious ideas and practices, social and political activism, global organizations.|
|SOAS Departments & Centres:||Faculty of Arts and Humanities > Department of the Study of Religions > Centre of Jaina Studies|
|Copyright Statement:||Copyright © 2012 SAGE Publications.|
|Depositing User:||Peter Flugel|
|Date Deposited:||06 Jun 2012 10:13|
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